What About Federal Land.

Federal/State Land Disputes

Many Americans do not know or fully understand the complexity of American Federalism. The country is made up of States but within the States can reside Federally owned land. There are current discussions on how much land should be owned by the Federal government and whether or not the government should give the land to the state the land resides in.

The Federal government owns the land through three Departments: the Interior, Agriculture, and Defense (DoD). In the two first Departments, there are four main bureaus: Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), National Parks Service (NPS), and the Forest Service. The DoD is the smallest landowner of the departments but still owns over 26 million acres of land worldwide, with just over 11 million in the states. Native Reservations fall under the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the Department of the Interior.

Acerage of Federal Land

The list below shows the states that have more than 10% of their acerage owned by the Federal government.

State Federal Land Acerage Total State Acerage Percentage Federal Land
Nevada 59,681,502 70,264,320 84.90%
Utah 34,202,920 52,696,960 64.90%
Idaho 32,621,631 52,933,120 61.60%
Alaska 223,803,098 365,481,600 61.20%
Oregon 32,614,185 61,598,720 52.90%
Wyoming 30,013,219 62,343,040 48.10%
California 45,864,800 100,206,720 45.80%
Arizona 28,064,307 72,688,000 38.60%
Colorado 23,870,652 66,485,760 35.90%
New Mexico 26,981,490 77,766,400 34.70%
Montana 27,003,251 93,271,040 29.00%
Washington 12,176,293 42,693,760 28.50%
Hawaii 820,725 4,105,600 20.00%
New Hampshire 798,718 5,768,960 13.80%
Florida 4,599,919 34,721,280 13.20%
Michigan 3,633,323 36,492,160 10.00%

What to Do With Federal Land

There is a discussion about whether or not the Federal government should own as much if any land within the States. I personally believe that the Federal government should give back as much land as possible to the States while having the States set up the appropriate agencies to deal with wildlife and forestation. The Federal government can and should continue to support this effort through aid and services but legal ownership should be held by the States.

As for Indian Reservations, I believe the residential parts of the reservation should become locked Congressional Districts so that Natives have protected representation not only in Congress but also the local and state governments as well. This lock should only last for 50 to 100 years and after the lock, the district will be treated like any other district. All land that is not residential and that the natives want to be protected from development should become state-protected parks and treated like the National Parks are now but under the legal ownership of the State.

As for the DoD, land that is not being actively used for necessary military purposes should be handed back to the States. With more land and more potential development States that have been stagnant can now invest in future growth for that State.

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