How to Prevent Nuclear War
Preventing nuclear war is complicated since we are talking about a worldwide effort to curtail nuclear weapons from being used in war. There are a number of things that we need to do in order to achieve this goal which includes: preventing other nations from developing or obtaining nuclear weapons, preventing nations with nuclear weapons from making more, and decreasing the number of nuclear weapons in the world.
When it comes to preventing other nations from developing nuclear weapons the best thing that we can do is have all nations sign anti-nuclear weapons treaties and have nuclear scientists inspect nuclear energy reactors occasionally to make sure they are incapable of making nuclear weapons. These treaties would also prevent the export of certain nuclear materials.
When it comes to preventing nations that already have nuclear weapons, the best we can do is to make sure they sign treaties and are open about their nuclear capacity.
When it comes to decreasing nuclear capacity we can start by dismantling some of our nuclear weapons as an example for other nuclear powers to do the same.
Work Towards Peace
There is another aspect to nuclear disarmament and that is to decrease the cause of needing nuclear weapons in the first place. Countries like Pakistan, Israel, India, and North Korea are countries that have border issues. If we can work towards encouraging a decrease in tension with these countries and their neighbors then there would be less of an incentive or necessity for these nations to develop nuclear weapons.
Anti-Nuclear Defense Systems
Another way to handle nuclear weapons, if all else fails, is to develop anti-nuclear defense systems of our own and make sure that the rest of the world has such defenses. This system is being developed by the US now with Anti-ICBM technology. Currently, the US is the only country that has a reliable anti-ICBM defense system but that is only if one or two missiles are launched at us from a far distance. This technology should continue to be developed to the point where an enemy nuclear submarine can launch a missile just off the coast and the US would still be able to defend itself.
The Global Nuclear Environment
List of Countries with Nuclear Capabilities:
- USA -1945
- Russia -1949
- UK -1952
- France -1960
- China -1964
- Israel -1966
- India -1974
- Pakistan -1998
- North Korea -2006
Countries that Share Nuclear Capabilities (NATO)
Counties that signed the NPT (Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons)
Although refitting nuclear energy reactors to become nuclear weapons facilities is difficult it can still be done an so all nations with nuclear energy should also sign the same anti-nuclear treaties as those that have nuclear weapons. As you can see above there are nations that have nuclear weapons that haven’t signed the NPT.
61 Nations use nuclear energy reactors
Nations that use Nuclear energy for a majority of energy use
- France (56 Reactors)
- Slovakia (4 Reactors)
- Ukraine (15 Reactors)
- Hungary (4 Reactors)
- U.S.A. (95 Reactors)
- France (56 Reactors)
Below is a list of treaties that all nations should sign that would deter the use of nuclear and in general devastating weapons.
- NPT- Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
- BTWC- Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention
- CWC- Chemical Weapons Convention
- Extended Deterrence
- US-Russian New Start Treaty
- Export Control
- Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
- MTCR (Missile Technology Control Regime)
- Hague Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation
- Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons
- INF (Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty)
- US- Russian New Start Treaty
- The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (Iran Nuclear Deal)
- No First Use